MIT22_081JF10_lec05b

MIT22_081JF10_lec05b - Wind Power Fundamentals Presented by...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Wind Power Fundamentals Presented by: Alex Kalmikov and Katherine Dykes With contributions from: Kathy Araujo PhD Candidates, MIT Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Systems and Urban Planning MIT Wind Energy Group & Wind Energy Projects in Action
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Overview Introduction History of Wind Power Wind Physics Basics Wind Power Fundamentals Technology Overview Beyond the Science and Technology What’s underway @ MIT
Background image of page 2
Global Cumulative Wind Power Capacity (MW) 2004 2006 2008 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 1996 1998 2000 2002 Source: EWEA, 2009; Wind Power Monthly, 2010
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Wind Potential Worldwide Estimate 40x the current power consumption or more than 5 times global use of all energy forms (Lu et al, 2009) U.S. Department of Energy, National Renewable Energy Lab, 1985.
Background image of page 4
Wind Notables s Cost competitive in areas with good wind resource (IEA, 2006) s Most economically feasible and fastest growing ‘new’ renewable energy s Wind 35-45% new generation recently added in US and Europe (GWEC, 2009) s 5 countries account for roughly 75% of total world usage – US, Germany, China, Spain and India s Share of wind as a % of total power in wind power leaders is on average 10-20% and continuing to increase
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Wind Power Status -- 2009 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 35,000 40,000 45,000 Total Cumulative Capacity 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 China US France Spain Germany India Rest of world New Capacity Adds 0 US China Germany Spain India Rest of world Source: Wind Power Monthly, January 2010
Background image of page 6
Wind Power in History … Photo of windmills in Campo de Criptana, Spain removed due to copyright restrictions.
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Brief History – Early Systems Harvesting wind power is not a new idea – sailing ships, wind-mills, wind-pumps 1st Wind Energy Systems – Ancient Civilization in the Near East / Persia – Vertical-Axis Wind-Mill: sails connected to a vertical shaft connected to a grinding stone for milling Wind in the Middle Ages – Post Mill Introduced in Northern Europe – Horizontal-Axis Wind-Mill: sails connected to a horizontal shaft on a tower encasing gears and axles for translating horizontal into rotational motion Wind in 19 th century US – Wind-rose horizontal-axis water-pumping wind-mills found throughout rural America Torrey, Volta (1976) Wind-Catchers: American Windmills of Yesterday and Tomorrow . Stephen Green Press, Vermont. Righter, Robert (1996) Wind Energy in America . University of Oklahoma Press, Oklahoma. Photos by M. J. Roots and Ammodramus on Wikimedia Commons.
Background image of page 8
Brief History - Rise of Wind Powered Electricity 1888: Charles Brush builds first large-size wind electricity generation turbine (17 m diameter wind rose configuration, 12 kW generator) 1890s: Lewis Electric Company of New York sells generators to retro-fit onto existing wind mills 1920s-1950s: Propeller-type 2 & 3-blade horizontal-axis wind electricity conversion systems (WECS) 1940s – 1960s: Rural Electrification in US and Europe leads to decline in WECS use
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 45

MIT22_081JF10_lec05b - Wind Power Fundamentals Presented by...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online