MIT22_081JF10_lec13a

MIT22_081JF10_lec13a - Transport Issues and the Environment...

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Unformatted text preview: Transport Issues and the Environment in Latin America Ralph Gakenheimer Professor of Urban Planning, MIT -- Oct. 21, 2010-- -- Presentation Sequence Some Program Contrasts--Bogot, Mxico, Santiago and So Paulo ider Urban Contrasts World Cities 8 World Cities Wider Urban Contrasts The Tricky Case of Congestion Pricing The Challenges--Are We Meeting Them? Program Contrasts: Bogot, Mxico, Santiago, So Paulo Initiatives are similar in different cities. -BUT- Variations in detail often mean widely different levels of achievement There is much to be learned from comparative studies . Transit Administration and Regulation Contrasting experiences with bus regulation: Mxico Santiago So Paulo Bogot 70s and before Private Operators, some regulation Public operation, some regulated private operators CMTC, Municipal Bus Company operated main lines, and subcontrat other services Private Operators subject to control from the Ministry of Transportation 80s Governments takes over all routes, Ruta-100 created Total privatization and liberalization Increase in the proportion of lines operated by CMTC. Initial BRT corridors and olleybuses were built In 1987, regulation of urban buses is transfered to municipalities is created trolleybuses were built. 90s Ruta-100 goes bankrupt, explosive growth of informal transit Strong move towards governments regulation of private operators, route bidding process Privatization of Municipal Public Bus Company. SPTRans, an agency in charge of transit planning and management, is created Municpality allowed three fare levels according to level of service to encourage fleet renewal. Restrictions to the import of new buses were lifted. 2000s Government trying to control informal transit Route associations becoming formal firms, international operators moving in, integration with subway Working toward fare integration. New BRT lines being built. Transmilenio is launched. Fare integration with other private operators. , . Colectivos: Mexico Tolerated since the 1950s--recognized in the 1960s Licensed to service metro stations from 1969 Needed because of failure of public transport Advocated by the profession and the international banks uring the 70s igh service level wide coverage Each during the 70s--high service level, wide coverage. Each vehicle averages 700 passengers, 150 km./day Loose operating specifications and weak oversight GENUINE DILEMMA Travel Demand Management Mxico City Santiago Bogot So Paulo Name of the program Hoy no Circula Restriccin Vehicular Pico y Placa Rodizio Hours of operation 5:00 22:00 7:00 19:00 7:00 9:00 17:00 19:00 7:00 10:00 17:00 20:00 ehicles that nly vehicles built nly vehicles built ll vehicles ll vehicles A comparison of traffic ban programs: Vehicles that are subject Only vehicles built before 1993 Only vehicles built before 1992 All vehicles All vehicles % of these vehicles banned each day 20% 20% 40%...
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MIT22_081JF10_lec13a - Transport Issues and the Environment...

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