MIT22_081JF10_lec14b -...

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1.818J/2.65J/10.391J/11.371J/22.811J/ESD166J SUSTAINABLE ENERGY 2.650J/10.291J/22.081J INTRODUCTION TO SUSTAINABLE ENERGY Prof. Michael W. Golay Nuclear Engineering Dept.
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NUCLEAR WASTES AND YUCCA MOUNTAIN 1
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NUCLEAR WASTE Defense Complex Clean-Up Support of Nonproliferation Initiatives, e.g. Disposal of DOE Foreign Research Reactor Spent Fuel Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposition of Naval Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel 2 Locations of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste Source: The Safety of a Repository at Yucca Mountain , USDOE, CRWM, June 2008.
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SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL Spent-fuel pools 39 states with nuclear waste Five DOE sites with nuclear waste Dry cask storage Photos of spent fuel pool and dry cask storage from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. 3
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WASTE FORMS AND PACKAGES Source: The Safety of a Repository at Yucca Mountain , USDOE, CRWM, June 2008. 4
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TRANSPORTATION CASK Image by U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management. 5
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TIMELINE FOR NUCLEAR WASTE DISPOSAL Image by MIT OpenCourseWare. 6 1957 National Academy of Sciences (NAS) supported deep geologic disposal Congress passes Nuclear Waste Policy Act Congress limited characterization to Yucca Mountain Energy Policy Act sets Environ- mental Protection Agency (EPA) standard process President recommended and Congress approved Yucca Mountain DOE scheduled to submit License Application DOE shuts down Yucca Mountain License Application DOE scheduled to begin receipt of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste (will not happened) 1982 1987 1992 2002 2008 2010 2017
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YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Image by MIT OpenCourseWare. 7 Humboldt County Elko County Pershing County Washoe County Carson City Douglas Storey White Pine County Lyon Eureka County Lander County Churchill County Mineral County Inyo County California Clark County Las Vegas Lincoln County Nye County Esmeralda County Nellis Air Force Base NV Test Site Yucca Mountain Counties designated as affected units of local government 100 miles northwest of Las Vegas in Nye County Located on Western boundary of the Nevada Test Site, a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility
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YUCCA MOUNTAIN SITE Source: The Safety of a Repository at Yucca Mountain , USDOE, CRWM, June 2008. 8
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9 9 South Portal North Portal Repository Level 1,000 Feet Water Table 1,000 Feet Surface Transporting Containers by Rail Access Tunnel Permanent Waste Packages Mechanical Support Inner Barrier Protective Outer Barrier Various Permanent Waste Packages Remote Control Locomotive Image by U.S. Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management. YUCCA MOUNTAIN YUCCA MOUNTAIN SUBSURFACE OVERVIEW SUBSURFACE OVERVIEW
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HYPOTHETICAL SCENARIOS Volcanism Nominal Early defects Seismic Source: U.S. Department of Energy.
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