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MIT22_081JF10_lec18 - Carbon Management Hussein Abdelhalim...

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Carbon Management Hussein Abdelhalim Mark Artz
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Major Carbon Emission Factors Electricity Power generation Fossil Fuels Electricity and heating make up nearly 50% of carbon emissions at 3.6 gigatons carbon dioxide per year Source: Moniz, Ernest J., et al. " The Future of Natural Gas: An Interdisciplinary Study ." Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2011.
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Major Carbon Emission Factors Transportation Production Syngas Tar Sands Consumption Vehicles Cars, Planes Inthe U.S. transportationaccountsfor nearly 30%of carbonemissionsat2gigatons per year. 62 20 6 7 5 83 4 5 6 34 5 21 40 21 5 29 29 18 26 17 45 47 49 54 22 20 6 3 9 2 0 0 0 0 0 Brazil Indonesia India China United S tates Japan Germany Deforestation and land-use change Agriculture Transportation Industry and waste Electricity and heat 2.4 3.1 1.8 7.0 7.2 1.3 1.0 100% = GHG Emissions Profiles for Select Countries - 2005* Percent, Gigatons CO 2 e * Carbon sinks are not shown Image by MIT OpenCourseWare. Source: UNFCCC, WRI, IEA, EPA, McKinsey analysis. Adapted from Exhibit 3 in Creyts, Jon et al. " Reducing U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions: How Much at What Cost? " U.S. Greenhouse Gas Abatement Mapping Initiative, McKinsey & Company, December 2007.
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Discussion Areas Facilitate a class discussionon the following topics: Electricity Generation Driving Individual Behavioral Changes
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Discussion Guidelines Applied loosely No more than 3 comments per participant Try to limit length of response to 3 minutes
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ElectricityGeneration Nuclear Wind Solar Geothermal Hydroelectric Photos by Martin Pettitt and Rory D on Flickr, Chmee2 and Eclipse.sx on Wikimedia Commons, and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission .
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Question What incentives should we use to allow these technologies to compete with coal and other carbon emitting electricity production methods?
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