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Unformatted text preview: 2.710 Optics Problem Set 8 Solutions 1. (a) For a diffraction limited system the slopes of the OTF are constant. m u =25mm 1 = 68 . 75% = 0 . 6875 I in = 1 2 h 1 + cos 2 x i I in = 1 2 ( u ) + 1 4 u 1 + 1 4 u + 1 I out = I in OTF = 1 2 ( u ) + a 4 u 1 + a 4 u + 1 I out ( x ) = 1 2 1 + a cos 2 x m u = 1 = ( 1 2 + a 2 ) ( 1 2 a 2 ) ( 1 2 + a 2 ) + ( 1 2 a 2 ) = a the contrast is the normalized value of the OTF at that frequency. Using similar triangles, if m u =25mm 1 = 0 . 6875 = (1 . 3125), then m u =50mm 1 = (1 . 6250) = 0 . 3750 = 37.5 % (b) The cutoff frequency for incoherent imaging is u = 80mm 1 . The cutoff fre quency of the coherently illuminated system is 40mm 1 . Hence 50mm 1 frequen cies do NOT go through if it is coherently illuminated. 2. I ( x ) = 1 2 1 + 1 2 cos 2 x 40 m + 1 2 cos 2 3 x 40 m (a) The contrast m is given by: m = I max I min I max + I min At the input, m = 1 1+0 = 1. 1 (b) The Fourier transform of I ( x ) is: I ( u ) = 1 8 u 1 40 + u + 1 40 + u 3 40 + u + 3 40 + 1 2 ( u ) The Fourier transform of the output intensity is: I ( u ) = (MTF) I ( u ) = 1 2 ( u ) + (0 . 25) 1 8 u 1 40 + u + 1 40 = 1 2 ( u ) + 1 16 1 2 u 1 40 + 1 2 u + 1 40 I ( x ) = 1 2 + 1 16 cos 2 x 40 m out = ( 1 2 + 1 16 ) ( 1 2 1 16 ) ( 1 2 + 1 16 ) + ( 1 2 1 16 ) = 1 8 = 0 . 125 (c) The incoherent transfer function is an autocorrelation of the coherent transfer function. The coherent transfer function in this case is probably a triangle function with half the cutoff frequency. H ( u ) = F{ h ( x ) } 2 3. h ( x ) = sinc 2 x b (a) Incoherent iPSF h ( x ) =  h ( x )  2 = sinc 4 x b (b) MTF = H ( u ) H ( u ) = F{ h ( x ) } = F n sinc 2 x b sinc 2 x b o = F n sinc 2 x b o F n sinc 2 x b o = b ( bu ) b ( bu ) b ( bu ) MTF 3 2.710 Optics Spring &amp;09 Solutions to Problem Set #8 Due Wednesday, May 13, 2009 Problem 4: a) Consider the system shown in Figure 1. At the input we place a sinusoidal amplitude grating of perfect contrast,...
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2012 for the course MECHANICAL 2.710 taught by Professor Sebaekoh during the Spring '09 term at MIT.
 Spring '09
 SeBaekOh

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