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Media 5 - February 7th Lecture#5 Writing From Clay to Codex...

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February 7 th : Lecture #5 Writing: From Clay to Codex scribe mentioned in Clanchy, p 115 Quill in right hand, pen-knife for sharpening in left Precursor to Writing: Clay Token 8000 BCE Clay Token of various shapes for record keeping founded molded into various shape used for record keeping need for the tokens rose because humans settled into villages-> agriculture->trade because of trade these tokens were developed each shape stood for a particular concept importance: ideographic, arbitrary, organized according to a set of rules Ideographic: stood for concepts These tokens are organized into a set of rules Ex: Bulla (clay envelopes)- potluck containers that had pictographic markings that represented what the token was Some of the earliest proto writings Early Writing in Mesopotamia 4100 BCE Sumerian Pictograms(Mesopotamia): Pictorial representations of concrete objects on clay tablets (mostly economic transactions) Rebus principle: radical idea that a pictographic symbol could be used for its phonetic value. Example: Pictogram for arrow in Sumerian, arrow was pronounced “ti” which also meant “life”
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3100 BCE Cuneiform: wedge-shaped markings on clay tablets made with reed stylus. Combined ideographic ad phonetic principles cuneiform aren’t pictures at all huge vocabulary for cuneiform circulated around the Eat- helped evolution of writing in Asia and Mexico Egypt: Hieroglyphics 3100 BCE Hieroglyphics in Egypt (likely influenced by cuneiform) First carved into stone surfaces, later written on papyrus (2750 BCE, paper-like) Stone surfaces: not portable but durable Ideographic but also became partly phonetic Partly phonetic: referred to some sound of speech; ideographic: refers to some concepts Papyrus Technology and Social Change According to media theorist Harold Innis, the transition from inscribed stone writing to
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