Media 6 - February 9 2012 Lecture#6 Print Rethinking The...

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February 9, 2012; Lecture #6 Print: Rethinking “The Gutenberg Myth” even the greatest libraries in Europe only had 1000 books Manuscript Materiality Parchment: 1 st -4tg CE became common; from skins of sheep, goats, calves Vellum: skin of a stillborn or very young animal (supple) Finer books were made from this Time consuming: skin had to be scraped clean, hair removed, fanned out A single book could require 12 animal skins Volume of bible: 170 skins Paper: 1 st C, China; 12 th C introduced to Europe More fragile but made inexpensive, lightweight/ portable books possible “The substitution of linen for wool in the making of underwear… made for a rag base in paper that was less costly and more plentiful” (Lucien Febvre) Archimedes Palimpsest: 13 th c prayer book, treatises of ancient Greek mathematician Archimedes underneath Pens were just quills until the 1800’s Made from duck Clanchy/Ong: “Residual Orality” Writing not always coupled with ability to read; a craft Much script was read aloud Read aloud partly because elites would read to those who are illiterate Reading out loud makes sense of the way books were written Oral testimony remained preferable to written Written document was often suspect in the court Doesn’t seem real or authoritative compared to speech
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Manuscript books were visually beautiful but they have nothing to do with the text Print and Invention of Manuscripts? “Manuscript” is a concept that was produced by printing. In the OED, there is not a single
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Media 6 - February 9 2012 Lecture#6 Print Rethinking The...

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