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Chapter_3_Outline_Part_III_

Chapter_3_Outline_Part_III_ - Chapter 3 Biological...

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Chapter 3 Biological Molecules Part III Biol 1001 Spring 2012
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Table 3 - 2 Summary of Lipids & Proteins
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Nucleotides Molecule composed of 3 parts 5-carbon sugar phosphate functional group nitrogen containing base differs amongst mucleotides carbon & nitrogen rings with functional groups Functions energy-carrier molecules intracellular messengers polymer subunits (=nucleic acids) 2 classes based on ribose nucleotides deoxyribose nucleotides sugar phosphate base Ribose Missing an “O” atom Deoxyribose Fig 3- 6 Fig 3- 22
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Nitrogen Base Ribose sugar 3 Phosphate groups Energy Carriers adenosine triphosphate (atp) Ribose nucleotide with 3 phosphate groups unstable molecule carries energy in bonds between phosphate groups Breaking of bond linking 3 rd phosphate to molecule energy release NAD + & FAD transport energy via electrons Fig 3-23: ATP
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Intracellular Messenger cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)
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