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Politics and Populism; the gilded age

Politics and Populism; the gilded age -...

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Politics and Populism: The Gilded Age, 1876-1900 18:34 I. "The Politics of Dead Center" in the middle of liberal and conservative most presidents in this time were republican, but most did not win the most populist  vote, just won electoral college          A.     The Parties neither have a clear agenda both have vague platforms bc both parties are made up of numerous different groups  who have different views republicans: northeastern businessmen, Midwestern farmers, niggers, union veterans all  made up republican party, but they don’t all have same concerns, kind of pro-business,  kind of pro-farmer democrats: white southerners, northern urban workers (new immigrants, are democrats  bc there bosses are republican), has to have vague agenda to keep these two distinct  groups happy bc two major parties weren’t very specific, there are a huge number of third parties who  arise some presidential elections also had a fourth party run bc of so many people split up          B.      The Power of Congress vast majority of power bc of the vagueness of presidential parties president just enforced the laws congress makes senators aren’t elected by public, appointed by state legislatures vote for state legislature, then legislature votes for senator  powerful congress that isn’t elected by public          C.      The Political Machines: not parties, segments within the different parties group of people who gain control through legal and sometimes illegal means, bribes…                          Tammany Hall, Boss Tweed based in new york city the leader was boss tweed responsible for getting the mayor, treasurer, and city controller there jobs able to exercise power over these elected officials since they are the reason they got the  job at height of its power, they were taking 85% of the money new york was supposed to be  spending on the public, roads parks courthouse…
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it cost 3 million to build the courthouse but they charged the city 11 million dollars,  making an 8 million dollar profit at its peak, Tammany hall had taken between 50-100 million dollars finally exposed by political cartoonist                          Thomas Nast political cartoonist that exposed Tammany hall led to investigations and so on boss tweed eventually forced to resign not all political machines were bad like Tammany hall however, corruption is very easy to do, leaving people wanting to reform the whole  political and economic systems          D.      Reformers:                          Henry George, 
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