Developmental Psych 11 3 09

Developmental Psych 11 3 09 - Developmental Psych 11 3 09...

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Developmental Psych 11 3 09 Syntax Starts with 2 word sentences Occurs in stages Universal errors Universal sequence of development How does the young child acquire a complex grammar? Structure in the child’s environment? : Adults as models Imitation? Never-heard constructions Rule based Elicited imitation Only at a child’s own level Not primary in acquiring syntax : Adults as teachers Correct child’s syntax errors? Corrections not based on grammar Based on whether utterance is true, accurate: sentence meaning Child must be ready Syntax is not taught : Child-directed speech Simplified, slower, shorter sentences, grammatically correct Mostly statements and imperatives Repetitive, speak slightly above child’s speaking level Unique responses Expand “mommy soup” –> “mommy is eating her soup” Recast “Mommy soup” –> “what kind of soup is mommy eating?” Does CDS help? Young children prefer simplified speech: learn faster
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Developmental Psych 11 3 09 - Developmental Psych 11 3 09...

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