Test 3 notes

Test 3 notes - PSYCH 0310 DEV PSYCH F 09 EXAM 3 REVIEW...

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PSYCH 0310 DEV PSYCH F, 09 EXAM 3: REVIEW GUIDE Definitions & concepts: - Phonology - Semantics - Syntax - Pragmatics - Phoneme - Morpheme - Generativity (language as generative) - Categorical speech perception - Holophrase/Holophrastic speech - Telegraphic speech - Word order - Overextension - Underextension - Over-regularization - Fast-mapping - Mutual Exclusivity - Whole-object assumption - Linguistic context - Social context & pragmatic cues - Syntactic bootstrapping - Joint attention - Motherese/Infant-directed speech (or talk) - Expansion - Recast - Creole - Metalinguistic knowledge - Collective monologues - Functional localization - Broca’s area - Wernicke’s area - Critical period Brain-language relations Bilingualism—good or bad? Pre-speech listening preferences & speech discrimination abilities—age differences over 1st year Pre-speech production (cooing, babbling, etc) – what; when Stages of syntax acquisition (sequence of development, approx ages, what’s acquired) Characteristics of telegraphic speech The problem of reference How do children learn new words? - Learning biases in child + characteristics of language environment for young word-learners Universal errors—what are they; what do we learn from them? Evidence for biological basis of syntax acquisition: Brain damage effects; Critical period(1 st & 2d language learning); Species- specificity; Home sign; Creoles Genie movie: are there critical periods for language learning? Which aspects? What other explanations can account for Genie’s language acquisition or lack thereof? Was Genie treated fairly by researchers? Interactionist view Parents’ reinforcement & corrections of early language—grammar vs. meaning/truth Symbols: - Dual representation - Scale-model understanding - Anatomical-doll interviewing Cognitive Development: Piaget Stages of cognitive dev: - Pre-operational - Concrete operational - Formal operational - Ages & characteristics of thought & reasoning in each stage (except sensorimotor stage, p. 133-136) Assimilation: definition; examples Accommodation: definition; examples Symbolic representation Mental operations Egocentrism Centration Conservation Hypothetical thinking Scientific reasoning General characteristics of stages; sources of discontinuity Criticisms & challenges to Piaget’s theory Cognitive Development: Information Processing Computer as metaphor: Limited capacity;
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“Hardware” & “Software”: what develops? Types/components of memory & how they differ Encoding Speed of processing; biological contributions to development Strategies, esp. memory strategies(rehearsal, selective attention, semantic organization, elaboration) Autobiographical memory Infantile amnesia – why? Metamemory
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Test 3 notes - PSYCH 0310 DEV PSYCH F 09 EXAM 3 REVIEW...

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