Nature of Emotions 9 23 09

Nature of Emotions 9 23 09 - Nature of Emotions 9 23 09...

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Nature of Emotions 9 23 09 Criticisms of Feeling Theories Ryle: Feelings vs. dispositions o Dissolving philosophical problems by showing that they result from misusing ordinary language. o 1949: “The Concept of Mind”: Against Descartes’ “ghost in the machine” Dualism and the mind/body problem result from misusing psychological expressions like “belief”, “emotion”… (dualism= matter and mind) Occurrences vs. Dispositions o An occurrence is an event; it happens at a given time and at a given place Ex. Feelings (itches, smells, pains) o A disposition is the capacity to undergo a given modification; it is not itself an event Examples Boiling vs. being disposed to boil Breaking vs. fragile Dispositions vs. Feelings o Emotion names, e.g. “anger” or “vanity” can designate different things o Particularly they are often used to designate dispositions to act in specific ways Since feelings are occurrences, not dispositions (emotions are dispositions,
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Nature of Emotions 9 23 09 - Nature of Emotions 9 23 09...

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