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Nature of Emotions 10 14 09

Nature of Emotions 10 14 09 - Nature of 09 Criticisms of...

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Nature of Emotions 10 14 09 Criticisms of Cognitivist theories Robert Zajonc o 1984 On the Primacy of Affect o Main claim: Evidence shows that emotions can occur prior to and independently from cognitive states o Emotions are phylogenetically and ontogentically prior to cognitions Reply on behalf of Lazarus o Are these affective states really emotions? Reply on behalf of Zajonc: Considerable continuity between these affective states and bona fide emotions (triggering stimuli, expressions, physiological manifestations) Animals and babies can appraise Simpler ones o Evidence 2 Appraisal emotions can be disconnected Intuitive examples Judgments about someone vs. emotions o The nice guy that you can’t stand Changes in judgments without changes in emotions o Finding out that your friend is late because of an accident Homophobia o Homophobia and homosexual desire People who are extremely homophobic may be repressing homosexual desires
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