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Nature of Emotions 11 11 09

Nature of Emotions 11 11 09 - o Results(SES = social...

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Nature of Emotions 11 11 09 Nichols on core morality o “the capacity for drawing the moral/conventional distinction is part of basic moral psychology” o Moral norms Seriously wrong Generalizable Authority independent o Conventional norms Not so serious Local Authority dependent Objections o Some norms that are generalizable, whose violations are judged to be serious, and that are authority independent do not distinguish moral norms from other norms o It thus seems that being generalizable, forbidding serious actions, and being authority independent do not distinguish moral norms from other norms Haidt et al. 1993 o Three actions that do not involve harm, justice or someone’s right Cleaning the toilet bowl with the national flag Eating the family dog
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Unformatted text preview: o Results (SES = social economic status) Low SES participants in Brazil and the USA • Serious • Generalizably wrong • Authority-independent High SES in both countries • Disgusting • But none of the three above • Nichols’ reply o The actions that do not involve harm (justice, rights), but that are judged to be serious, generalizability wrong and authority-independent in some cultures are moralized in these cultures o But what matters is that everywhere, the actions that do involve harm are judged to be serious, generalizably wrong, and authority-independent • Kelly et al. 2007 o But some actions that harm others are neither judged to be serious nor to be generalizably wrong Whipping ok 300 years ago, not ok today...
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