Nature of Emotions 11 16 09

Nature of Emotions 11 16 09 - Nature of Emotions 11 16 09...

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Nature of Emotions 11 16 09 Two Explanations of the Moral/Conventional Distinction: Blair and Nichols Moral norms and Conventional norms o Justification o Universal or local o Seriousness o Authority-dependent James Blair o Neuropsychologist working on psychopathy o Violence Inhibition Mechanism (VIM) The ethnologist Konrad Lorenz hypothesized the existence of a cognitive system that inhibits aggression when the target of aggression displays signs of submission Blair hypothesized that the VIM is present in humans and underlies many aspects of human morality Moral emotions Empathy The moral/conventional distinction Inhibition of violence Moral/conventional distinction o Forbidden actions causing harm lead to VIM-produced distress o By classical conditioning, these actions (and even their names) activate VIM independently of the harm they might cause o VIM activation is the cause of people’s judgments about the wrongness of action o It is also the cause of people’s justification of their judgments: reference to harm o These actions are judged to be authority-independent because the activation of
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Nature of Emotions 11 16 09 - Nature of Emotions 11 16 09...

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