Unformatted text preview: Not tied to situations • Altruism problem o What motivates pro-social behavior, such as Wesley Autrey’s heroic behavior? o Egoism: all actions are ultimately caused by egoistic ultimate desires o Altruism: some (but not necessarily all) actions are ultimately caused by altruistic ultimate desires • First explanation of Altruism o Hypothesis “Empathetic distress is unpleasant and helping the victim is usually the best way to get rid of the source.” • Problem: If I want to relieve my distress, I should just turn my head or leave. Concretely • Leave the room where someone is suffering • Turning your eyes away • Daniel Batson o Experiment Mock subject is given a fake electrical shock and pretends to suffer Subjects are given the opportunity to take the place of the...
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- Fall '09
- Daniel Batson, Emotional contagion, affective states, Wesley Autrey