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Unformatted text preview: Not tied to situations Altruism problem o What motivates pro-social behavior, such as Wesley Autreys heroic behavior? o Egoism: all actions are ultimately caused by egoistic ultimate desires o Altruism: some (but not necessarily all) actions are ultimately caused by altruistic ultimate desires First explanation of Altruism o Hypothesis Empathetic distress is unpleasant and helping the victim is usually the best way to get rid of the source. Problem: If I want to relieve my distress, I should just turn my head or leave. Concretely Leave the room where someone is suffering Turning your eyes away Daniel Batson o Experiment Mock subject is given a fake electrical shock and pretends to suffer Subjects are given the opportunity to take the place of the...
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- Fall '09