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Unformatted text preview: • Third person thoughts “he is in pain” → concern mechanism → affect → “I want to help relieve poverty and hunger” → decision to act • Nature of the affect in the concern mechanism o Sympathy or 2 nd order contagious distress o Sympathy does not need to be congruent with emotion being felt for person • 3 ways to react to emotion o Contagion Attention directed to self, motivation self-oriented o Distress Attention directed to self, motivation self-oriented o Concern Attention directed to other people • Concern o Suffering not congruent with prosocial behavior • Comparison of 2 hypotheses o Early prosocial behavior Children help others very early on But their mindreading capacity is incomplete before their fifth year o The false belief task Person puts object on table, person leaves, someone moves it to basket Children think first person should know it’s on the table...
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- Fall '09
- Psychology, prosocial behavior, • Nichols