Questions for the final exam

Questions for the final exam - Four questions will be drawn...

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Four questions will be drawn from the following 19 questions: 1. What are emotions according to Descartes? Do you agree with his theory? Why? Emotions are bare feelings, feelings are the essential part of emotions, emotions are passive, feelings do not represent anything, and feelings do not have content Passions: feelings (thoughts caused by the body, perceptions (any thought that is involuntary), emotions 2. To what type of evidence does Descartes appeal to support his theory of emotions? Is it a legitimate source of evidence for a theory of emotions? Why? Physiological evidence: Stimulus > eyes > animal spirits > pineal gland > feelings and desires Example: Bear > eyes > animal spirits > pineal gland > “I want to flee” Legitimate for the time, animal spirits don’t make sense, but all things considered, he wasn’t too far off. 3. What are emotions according to James? Do you agree with his theory? Why? Body changes cause emotion, emotions are essentially conscious feelings, feelings are perceptions of body changes, emotions represent body changes, and emotions are a specific kind of internal perception No, because the theory only applies to a limited number of emotions, mostly strong emotions… 4. What is the Stoics’ theory of emotions? Do you agree with their theory? Why? Judgments and propositional attitudes (desires) are the essential element of emotions, assents: to believe an impression is true; impulse: desire toward object, instead of judgments (assents), emotions = mistaken impulses (chocolate is good, but it really isn’t good for you), wise man shows no emotion I don’t agree… some situations people need to act on impulse, emotions can be good, decisions made too quickly 5. Do you think that the empirical evidence that we have seen in class supports the cognitivist theories of emotions or the feeling theories of emotions? Why? Feeling theory evidence : Zajonc, the ü study, use of smiling muscle leads to happier emotions; pen in mouth study, cartoons funnier when using smiling muscles. Paul Ekman facial expression study Supports the theory, but no causal relationship 6. What is Lazarus's theory of emotions? Do you agree with his theory? Why? Cognitivist theorist: judgments are the essential element of emotions 1
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Lazarus – 6 dimensions of appraisal, primary appraisal: how well-being is affected; secondary appraisal: coping 7. Describe the empirical evidence for Schacter and Singer’s theory of emotions. Do you find it convincing? Why? Labeling/hybrid theory: label emotions based on bodily responses. Prediction: people mislabel emotions based on bodily responses. The Love-on-the-Bridge study, Dutton and Aron 1974
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2012 for the course HPS 0625 taught by Professor Macheray during the Fall '09 term at Pittsburgh.

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Questions for the final exam - Four questions will be drawn...

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