Questions for the midterm exam

Questions for the midterm exam - Two questions will be...

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Two questions will be drawn from the following 15 questions: 1. What are emotions according to Descartes? Do you agree with his theory? Why? Emotions are bare feelings, feelings are the essential part of emotions, emotions are passive, feelings do not represent anything, and feelings do not have content Passions: feelings (thoughts caused by the body, perceptions (any thought that is involuntary), emotions 2. To what type of evidence does Descartes appeal to support his theory of emotions? Is it a legitimate source of evidence for a theory of emotions? Why? Physiological evidence: Stimulus > eyes > animal spirits > pineal gland > feelings and desires Example: Bear > eyes > animal spirits > pineal gland > “I want to flee” Legitimate for the time, animal spirits don’t make sense, but all things considered, he wasn’t too far off. 3. What are emotions according to James? Do you agree with his theory? Why? Body changes cause emotion, emotions are essentially conscious feelings, feelings are perceptions of body changes, emotions represent body changes, and emotions are a specific kind of internal perception No, because the theory only applies to a limited number of emotions, mostly strong emotions… 4. What is James’s subtraction argument? Are you convinced by this argument? Why? We cannot conceive of an event of fear without the perception of our body Fear without perceptions of body changes is impossible Fear is essentially the feeling of a specific body change. o No, the argument does not explain subtle or moderate emotions, like amusement or surprise; argument can lead to false conclusions, and tell us more about the concept of a specific emotion than the emotion itself. 5. James limits his account to a certain class of emotions. What is this class of emotions? How does
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2012 for the course HPS 0625 taught by Professor Macheray during the Fall '09 term at Pittsburgh.

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Questions for the midterm exam - Two questions will be...

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