Programming and LogicTest 1 Study GuideTrue/False1.Software can be classified into two broad types: application software and programming software. 2.Every programming language has rules governing its word usage and punctuation. 3.Besides the popular, comprehensive programming languages such as Java and C++, many programmers use scripting languages such as Python, Lua, Perl, and PHP. 4.Professional computer programmers write programs to satisfy their own needs. 5.The heart of the programming process lies in planning the program’s logic.6.Once a program is completely coded, it is ready for a company or organization to use. 7.A flowchart is an English-like representation of the logical steps necessary to solve a problem. 8.An infinite loop is a flow of program logic that repeats and never ends. 9.Alan Turing is often regarded as the first programmer. 10.Programmers can use either procedural programming or object-oriented programming to develop programs. 11.All programming languages support four broad data types. 12.Because one memory location can be used repeatedly with different values, you can write program instructions once and then use them for thousands of separate calculations. 13.In many programming languages, if you declare a variable and do not initialize it, the variable contains an unknown value until it is assigned a value. 14.Variable names can be more than one word with blanks between the words. 15.The assignment operator has left-to-right-to-left associativity, which means that the value of the expression to the left of the assignment operator is evaluated first and that the result is assigned to the operand on the right.
16.A string variable can hold digits such as account numbers and zip codes. 17.Programmers generally write programs as one long series of steps. 18.Modularization makes it harder for multiple programmers to work on a problem. 19.Program comments are a type of internal documentation. 20.Most modern programming languages require that program statements be placed in specific columns. Questions1.When you write programs, you work with data in three different forms:2.Fractional numeric variables that contain a decimal point are known as _____ variables.