Introduction to Sustainable Urban Renewal01

Introduction to Sustainable Urban Renewal01 - [3] 1...

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[ 3 ] 1.1 Why urban renewal as a focal point of sustainability? As in other European countries, the renewal of post-war housing estates is a major policy issue in the Netherlands. The aim is to upgrade post-war neigh- bourhoods by means of demolition, the renovation of social rented housing and the construction of new owner-occupied dwellings. This process of renewal will pursue high targets and ambitions as it gets underway in the coming years. Not only will different parties have to work together in the complex area of renewal, they will also have to formulate policies and objec- tives for sustainability and development. Sustainability is a highly complex concept as it embraces a whole battery of interconnected social issues and uncertainties which are difficult to address. All in all, urban renewal will emerge as a major theme in the building sector in the years ahead. It will lead to major interventions in the housing stock and – at the same time – rig- orously challenge the market players to make existing dwellings more envi- ronmentally-friendly and to develop sustainability in post-war housing. The existing housing stock is a key factor in attaining the greenhouse gas reduc- tion targets in the Kyoto Protocol. The largest energy consumers are house- holds and the tertiary sector (European Commission, 2001). In 2000 the CO 2 emissions from domestic energy consumption amounted to approximately 23 million tonnes in the Netherlands, representing 12% of all CO 2 emissions of new housing are produced every year, amounting to 1% of the building stock (see Figure 1.1). Dwellings yet to be built will constitute 15% of the total housing stock in 2020 and 5-10% in the Kyoto period, 2008-2012 (NOVEM, 2002). This research project is intended as an introduction to sustainable urban renewal. By presenting two case studies it offers insight into the envi- ronmental policies of Dutch housing associations and municipalities. Focus- ing specifically on the role of performance agreements in realising sustain- ability ambitions, it also assesses the feasibility of CO 2 reductions and exam- ines the costs and decision-making processes. (MVROM) presented its first Action Plan for Sustainable Building ( Plan van Aanpak Duurzaam Bouwen ) in 1995, a lot of energy has been invested in the introduction and implementation of sustainability in everyday design, build- ing and management. Though a fair amount of experience has been gathered in the practical application of sustainability procedures in new building and urban expansion, hardly any has been gained in the improvement and reor- ganisation of housing estates. This will change in the next few years, when large-scale investments under the Major Cities Policy (Grotestedenbeleid, GSB) and the Investment Budget for Urban Renewal (Investeringsbudget 1 Introduction
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[ 4 ] Stedelijke Vernieuwing, ISV) open up key opportunities in the existing stock.
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course HG 100 taught by Professor H during the Spring '12 term at Chalmers University of Technology.

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Introduction to Sustainable Urban Renewal01 - [3] 1...

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