Introduction to Sustainable Urban Renewal08

Introduction to Sustainable Urban Renewal08 - 127 Part III...

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[ 127 ] This research had two main goals. First, we examined the energy saving and CO 2 reduction potential of post-war housing stock from a physical angle in two case studies. We also addressed the costs of the relevant policy develop- ments as these are often named as the main barrier to sustainability. Second, from the process angle, we attempted to determine the potential role of per- formance agreements in the implementation of sustainable building in the planning processes for the renewal of post-war housing estates. Morgenstond Midden in The Hague and Oedevlietsepark in Hoogvliet, Rotterdam, served as case studies. This part of the report presents the conclusions. Part III Conclusions
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[ 129 ] 8.1 Introduction In this chapter we draw our conclusions on the basis of the experience recorded in the case studies, the policy analyses and the theoretical consider- ations. Section 8.2 summarizes the conclusions from the physical angle with the aid of the policy analyses and the findings of the feasibility study. Section 8.3 focuses on performance agreements and ends with the more general research question on the role of urban renewal in sustainable development. 8.2 CO 2 reduction This research project presented two case studies, one in Oedevlietsepark (Hoogvliet) and one in Morgenstond Midden (The Hague). From the physical angle we attempted to determine the practical contribution that the renova- tion of post-war housing can make to sustainability in urban districts. We focused on energy efficiency and CO 2 reduction and the financial feasibility of exploiting this potential. We analysed the relevant policies in the case study areas, performed energy evaluations with EPA and put the renovation solutions to the NPV test. This section addresses the four research questions that were posed in Section 1.3: 1. Which European, national, regional and municipal environmental policy developments are relevant for social housing associations in the near future? The policy analyses at European, national and regional policy levels show that the development which is most likely to have an impact on energy-effi- cient renovation in the near future is an increase in energy price due to regu- latory measures, government action, the implementation of the Kyoto Proto- col, a more dynamic energy market, pressure to satisfy electricity needs with zero-emission technology, and taxes. At the same time, cuts have been made in national energy subsidies, emphasising cost-efficient energy-saving meas- ures and payback times. One key policy instrument that will influence the reduction of CO 2 emissions in the domestic sector is the EC Energy Perfor- mance Directive (EPD), due to be introduced in 2006. The EPD will make ener- gy certificates compulsory whenever dwellings are sold or rented. The aim at national level is to derive 10% of the energy requirement from sustainable sources by 2020; hence, renewable energy will be promoted in buildings at all policy levels. At regional and municipal level solar energy is already being
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course HG 100 taught by Professor H during the Spring '12 term at Chalmers University of Technology.

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Introduction to Sustainable Urban Renewal08 - 127 Part III...

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