global2 reading notes

global2 reading notes - Global 2 Reading Notes Appelbaum...

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Global 2 Reading Notes Appelbaum: “Jihad vs. McWorld” - Jihad: the world consisting of conceived faiths against every kind of interdependence including every kind of artificial social cooperation and mutuality, : against technology, pop culture, integrated markets and modernity itself - McWorld: future of busy portrait of onrushing economic, technological, and ecological forces that demande integration and uniformity; one McWorld tied together by communications, information, entertainment and commerce - Both tendencies are at work and both visible sometimes in the same country at the very same instant - Neither Jihad or McWorld aspires to resecure the civic virtues undermined by its denationalizing practices - In the short run, the forces of Jihad, noisier and more obviously nihilistic than those of McWorld are likely to dominate the near future - In the long run, the forces of McWorld are forces underlying the slow certain thrust of Western civilization - McWorld’s homogenization is likely to establish a macropeace that favors the triumph of commerce and its makers and to give to those who control info, communication, and entertainment Appelbaum: “The World System Perspective” - When United States became a superpower after WW2, American social scientists were called upon to study the problems of 3 rd world development - Modernization school: dominated the field of development in the 1950s - Dependency school: high critical of modernization school, frequently attacking it as a rationalization of imperialism - There were many new activities in capitalist world economy that could not be explained within the confines of the dependency perspective o 1 st , East Asia continued to experience a remarkable rate of economic growth o 2 nd , there was a crisis among the socialist states o 3 rd , there was a crisis in U.S. capitalism - Longue duree: is a historical process in which all change is slow, a history of constant repetition, even recurring cycles - Social science: the statement of the universal set of rules by which human/social behavior is explained - The historian is said to serve the social scientist by providing the latter with wider, deeper sets of data from which to deduce lawlike generalizations - The social scientist is said to serve the historian by offering reasonably demonstrated generalizations that offer insight into th explication of a particular sequence of events - In history, there have been 3 known forms of historical systems: mini-systems, world- empires, and world- economies o Mini-systems: were small in space and brief in time; high homogeneous in terms of cultural and governing structures, and they split up when they became too large; basic logic was one of reciprocity in exchange o World-empires: vast political structures, encompassing a wide range of cultural patterns; basic logic was that the extraction of tribute from locally self-
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administered direct producers that was passed upward to the center and redistributed to a network of officials
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global2 reading notes - Global 2 Reading Notes Appelbaum...

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