Comm Final Study Guide

Comm Final Study Guide - CommFinalStudyGuide...

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Comm Final Study Guide 02:37 Verbal Communication Important features of language Symbol/word meaning is arbitrary (human made conventions) Words mean something because we say they do Language is rule-governed Language is capable of displacement Language and meaning The referential function We use language to “refer” to things and ideas We categorize things and label them Example “peach” Fruit, fuzzy, reddish hue *The triangle of meaning we must recognize different kinds of meaning example word: “rock” what helps us interpret its meaning context, knowledge, experience, relationship, etc. synonyms for “man”? guy, dude, fellow synonyms for “woman”?
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chick, girl, lady every word (or phrase) has two basic types of meaning: denotative explicit, agreed-upon meaning (dictionary-ish) can have more than one denotation (ex. “rock” has many” denotative meanings typically widely shared among speakers of the same language BUT—can also have idiosyncratic denotations Connotative Emotional, evaluative connections to the word Can have idiosyncratic and/or shared connotations too Effects of connotation  “god terms” terms or symbols with widespread positive connotations  examples (in the us)- “freedom, “hope” “devil terms” terms or symbols with widespread negative connotations ex. Profanities, “bathroom humor” compare house vs. home stimulus bill vs. jobs bill
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liberal vs. progressive vs. socialist capitalism vs. free market Importance of language Language can signal our identity Age, culture, gender, social status, etc. “speech accommodation” adjusting speech toward or away from another person’s style of speech adjustment usually based on groups identity ship toward to gain favor to distinguish one’s group or power (from “them”) Language affects judgments of others Influences perceptions of traits, abilities, etc. Ex. Equivocal language Intentional imprecise language Your friend asks “did you like your present?” but you hated it. How do you answer.  Helps to manage “face” for self and other ex. Power of speech style low power: polite forms, hedges, intensifiers, hesitations, tag questions high power: fluent, direct (absence of above) high power: higher ratings on competence, trustworthiness, dynamism, social/economic status low power: opposite ratings: sometimes more “solidarity”
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02:37 Nonverbal communication
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02:37 Relationship to verbal communication Common misinterpretations “truth” is in the nonverbal ex. Nervous: share, shifty eyes when you don’t trust, you start working for things that figure them out nonverbal communication is its own “body language” Nonverbal communication can: Complement verbal
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course COMM 1 taught by Professor Mullin during the Fall '07 term at UCSB.

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Comm Final Study Guide - CommFinalStudyGuide...

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