Lecture_4_29_09

Lecture_4_29_09 - Chapter 23: Organic Chemistry 1...

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1 Chapter 23: Organic Chemistry
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2 Derivatives of Hydrocarbons A functional group is a reactive portion of a molecule that undergoes predictable reactions. Table 23.7 lists some common organic functional groups. In the previous sections we discussed the hydrocarbons and their reactions. All other organic compounds can be considered to be derivatives of hydrocarbons .
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3 Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen Many of the important functional groups in organic compounds contain oxygen. Examples are alcohols ethers aldehydes ketones carboxylic acids esters
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4 Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen An alcohol is a compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group (-OH) for an –H atom on a carbon atom of a hydrocarbon group. Some examples are CH 3 OH CH 2 CH 3 OH CH 3 CH CH 3 OH methanol ethanol 2-propanol
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Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen An ether is a compound with an oxygen “bridge” between two alkyl groups.
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Lecture_4_29_09 - Chapter 23: Organic Chemistry 1...

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