ImmigrationInComparativePerspective

ImmigrationInComparativePerspective - Martin A. Schain New...

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Unformatted text preview: Martin A. Schain New York University Presented at Rutgers University April 27, 2011 US Focus on illegal immigration and border control Almost no focus on legal immigration and criteria for entry Very little consideration of problems of integration Europe Strong focus on immigration and entry Integration Challenge to identity in Europe Why are policies of immigration so different in the United States and Europe? Indeed: why have they often been so different? France Britain The United States 19 th C- WWI Open immigration Open Empire immigration Restrictions on non-Empire Relatively Open immigration, but Asian restriction WWI- WWII Open immigration Labor recruitment Open Empire immigration Restreinte non-Empire Severely restricted immigration for Europe Relatively open immigration for W. Hemisphere WWII- 1960s-70s Open immigration Labor recrutment Open Empire immigration Restricted non-Empire Restricted immigration for Europe and Asia Relatively open immigration for W. Hemisphere 1960s- 70s- present Strong Restriction Strong Restrictions Open immigration Growth of undocumented immigration Table 1 Orientation of Immigration Policies in France, Britain and the United States Salience Whether issue is politicized Immigration not always politicized Public opinion: level and intensity Interest group pressure Political party contention Framing The way an issue is politicized Definition: Immigration issue framed in different ways at different times Structure: drives structure and process of institutional arena France Britain The United States 19 th C- WWI Weak politicization Labor market, national interest frame Weak, party-dominated politicization Empire nationalism frame Emigration Strong regional politicization identity-based Nationallabor and population policy identity frame WWI- WWII Weak politicization Labor market,...
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ImmigrationInComparativePerspective - Martin A. Schain New...

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