Lecture2_EuropeanModelsPartI

Lecture2_EuropeanModelsPartI - Professor Kelemen European...

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Professor Kelemen European Politics Spring 2011 LECTURE 2 European Models of Democracy (part 1)
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Siena, Italy Palazzo Publico
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Palazzo Publico, Sala dei Nove
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Lorenzetti, On the Effects of Good Government and On the Effects of Bad Government, 1328
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OUTLINE A brief review of US institutions Principles of Parliamentary Government Realities of Parliamentary Government Elections: Plurality vs. Proportional Representation What happens after elections? Making and breaking governments Case study 1: Germany 2005 election Case study 2: UK 2005 election Conclusions
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A brief review of American political institutions… Separation of powers:
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A brief review of American political institutions… Checks and Balances President can veto acts of Congress Executive depends on Congress for budget Supreme Court Justices are appointed by President and must be approved by Legislature (Senate)
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A brief review of American political institutions… Federalism National government of only delegated powers 10 th Amendment: “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.” Many areas of public policy are mostly controlled by states Very powerful Senate to protect State interests
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Summary American political institutions are highly fragmented. Hard to reach agreement Unclear who is accountable Aren’t most democracies structured like this? No.
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What to consider when evaluating democratic institutions? Effectiveness Representativeness Accountability Moderation vs. extremism Radical reform vs. incremental reform Left v. right bias Geographical bias Other forms of bias
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Parliamentary Democracy European democracies vary in many ways, but they are (nearly) all Parliamentary systems
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German Bundestag Westminster Palace, UK
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France’s Assemblée Nationale Denmark’s Folketinget
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Parliamentary Democracy: Reality vs. Principles First Big Question: Who really controls power?
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How power is delegated in US HHS Departments Kathleen Sebelius- HHS
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Ideal of Delegation in a Parliamentary Democracy The people delegate to… Prime Minister, who  delegates to… Ministers, who delegate to… Representatives  in Parliament,  who delegate  to… Civil servants.
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How power is delegated (in principle) Kaare Strom – Different Chains of delegation and accountability in Parliamentary and Presidential Systems
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Basic Principles Fusion of power: Government/executive emerges from Parliament No ‘separation-of-powers’ or checks & balances Parliamentary sovereignty / supremacy Government is accountable to Parliament. Ultimate power rests with parliament (which
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Lecture2_EuropeanModelsPartI - Professor Kelemen European...

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