Moravcsik_AnOceanApart

Moravcsik_AnOceanApart - An Ocean Apart The United States...

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An Ocean Apart The United States and Europe have vital shared interests, but is the Bush administration serious about finding common ground? Andrew Moravcsik | February 21, 2005 History will surely judge us not by our old disagreements but by our new achievements,” Condoleezza Rice told a Paris audience on February 8, speaking on her first European trip as secretary of state. If the Bush administration is truly interested in a trans-Atlantic rapprochement, it is not a moment too soon. U.S.–European relations are more acrimonious than they have been in decades. The broad European opposition to the Bush administration's policies on Iraq, global warming, human rights, arms control, and trade is reciprocated by Washington's disdain for everything from Europe's view of Iran to its proposed new constitution. American conservatives are angry not just at the failure of much of Europe to support the Iraq War. They are also alarmed by Europe's effort to achieve closer integration through a new European Union constitution and greater coordination of foreign and defense policy, all of which are seen as evidence that Europe is going its own way in world affairs -- or worse, following the French recipe of “balancing” the United States. Yet even a truculently conservative United States and an occasionally self-indulgent Europe share abiding vital interests. Europeans and Americans agree on the need to combat terrorism and nuclear proliferation, the desirability of a two-state solution for Israel-Palestine, the need for humanitarian intervention, support for democratization from the Ukraine to China, multilateral maintenance of a liberal world economy, debt relief for developing countries, and the expansion of the EU to include Turkey, to name just a few. The areas of disagreement, such as the Kyoto accords and the International Criminal Court, are far from trivial, but the core common interests are far more extensive. Indeed, the recent Iraq War is quite unrepresentative of deeper trends in trans-Atlantic relations. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, Western powers have intervened repeatedly outside the NATO homeland -- the Gulf War, Somalia, Bosnia, Haiti, Kosovo, Sierra Leone, the Ivory Coast, and Afghanistan -- and every one of those interventions was, at least in the end, strongly supported by both the United States and Europe. European nations now deploy more than 100,000 troops abroad, most of them in defense of U.S. commitments. Twenty years ago, the possibility that European troops would be stationed in Afghanistan to back a U.S. intervention would have been treated as an absurd fantasy. This unheralded revolution in European policy demonstrates substantial Western consensus even on the use of force, contrary to Robert Kagan's oversimplified distinction between America as “Mars” and Europe as “Venus.” * * *
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Despite abiding common trans-Atlantic interests, however, many in and close to the Bush administration consider a united Europe at best an irrelevance and at worst a fundamental
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Moravcsik_AnOceanApart - An Ocean Apart The United States...

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