Lecture15_GlobalEurope

Lecture15_GlobalEurope - Lecture 15: The EU as normative or...

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Lecture 15: The EU as ‘normative’ or ‘civilian’ power Professor R. Daniel Kelemen Rutgers University Department of Political Science
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Outline Is Europe a ‘world power’/ a ‘superpower? What kind of power is it? A military power? A civilian power? A ‘normative’ power? (one that stands for certain values?) 1990s relationship advice book -“Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus”: Is America from Mars and Europe from Venus? Wrapping up last week’s lecture
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From this month’s headlines US, France and UK lead NATO intervention in Libya France leads UN military intervention in Ivory Coast …but EU struggles to form common policy on Libya (Germany opposed to intervention) EU countries arguing over response to refugee flows from Tunisia and Libya
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Is the EU a ‘world power’? The 2009 Lisbon Treaty was supposed to help make it one?
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What about the Lisbon Treaty? What was the point of it? Deal with enlargement Strengthen role of EU on world stage Proposed EU Constitution was rejected in 2005 by French and Dutch Voters Treaty of Lisbon was presented as toned down alternative, but really it is nearly the same! Extends EU powers. Creates new positions: High Representative for Foreign Affairs President of the European Council
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Is the EU a Military Power?
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Top 10 Military Spenders 2008 Spending ($ b.) Worldshare (%) 1 USA 607 41.5 2 China 84.9 5.8 3 France 65.7 4.5 4 UK 65.3 4.5 5 Russia 58.6 4.0 6 Germany 46.8 3.2 7 Japan 46.3 3.2 8 Italy 40.6 2.8 9 Saudi Arabia 38.2 2.6 10 India 30 2.1 World total 1464 [ ] = SIPRI estimate. The spending figures are in current US dollars.
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The EU lacks key capabilities of a military superpower EU foreign policy is a ‘Maserati with the engine of a lawn mower.’ - Delors Some estimates: Almost 1.7 million troops in Europe. 170,000 are trained for serious peace-keeping operations Max 50k could be used for peace- making operation as in Iraq Some militaries (UK & France) are well equipped, but EU’s ‘Rapid Reaction Force’ lacks cruise missiles, surveillance equipment, light infantry, intelligence, and special ops.
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And EU defense policy is not unified… yet Increasing cooperation…. European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) joint military operations EU takes over for NATO in Bosnia in 2004. Operations around the world (Macedonia, Congo, Central African Republic…)
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European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) in Action EU Military Operation in former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Concordia) EU Police Mission in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Proxima) EU Military Operation in Democratic Republic of Congo (Artemis) EU Rule of Law Mission in Georgia (Eujust Themis) EU Military Operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUFOR-Althea) EU Police Mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina (EUPM) EU Police Advisory Team in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (EUPA
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course 360 290 taught by Professor Dankelemen during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Lecture15_GlobalEurope - Lecture 15: The EU as normative or...

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