Worldhistory - Japan & China

Worldhistory - Japan & China - Japan in the Edo era...

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Japan in the Edo era -The ongoing peace in Japan allowed for an increase in artisan goods because the money that was being spent to perpetuate the conflicts between the daimyos was now being spent on things made to improve one's quality of life. **Connect the Three Great Battles+Three Great leaders with the alternate attendance system (three different locations/homes) and the Tokugawa Shogunate. Daimyo Samurai Sengoku Jidai Bafuku ("Tent government")** Qianlong Emperor - 1711-1799 (reigned from 1735-1796) -Defined Manchu dynasty -Very strong through much of his reign -Emphasized equitable rule through meritocracy -Encouraged opportunistic importation of technology BUT -Sought to limit trade/influence of West esp. Britain -Corruption increased late in his reign Chinese Philosophy -Confucius (551-479 B.C.E. ~72 years) -self-educated, never achieved place or position in society -Political idealism+right conduct -Love+humanity/Education+literature; the beginning of gov't by ability -Writings: Analects, Doctrine of the Mean, Great Learning Imperial China to 1800 Other Philosophies Taoism - Lao Tze circa 440 BCE -Principals --Path: no text, wholly philosophical --The Middle Way, balance, proportion, Yin and Yang (competing, but equal) -Feng Shui --And element of Taoism, auspicious signs based on direction ---Astrological, astronomical, mathematical, calendar, computations ---assists in directing one's life Zen Buddhism - a focus on meditation -Never let go of a subtle sound -Find the place before the sound begins -Never let go of the breath -No self -Label the thoughts -Shikantaza -Daily practice **Chinese geo: to north, Siberia/Mongolia/Gobi/deserts; to south, himalayas; to east, Pacific Ocean (mainly viewed as a barrier); Yellow & Yangtze Rivers; All
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contribute to Chinese isolationism/Middle Kingdom. Dynasties: Yaun, Ming, Ch`ing (cyclical in nature) Meritocracy Qianlong Emperor (good emperor--possibly ID or short answer)** India to the Ottoman Empire 1500-1800 The Mughal Dynasties 1555-1857 -Traces history to the Mongol invasions c. 1290, esp. Timur/Tamerlane d. 1405 -Initially in northern India -Later to near central India -Islamic, but tolerant of native (Hindu) faith -Unifies India under moderate central government Geography -India is relatively secured by geographic features (Himalayas, Hindu Kush, Indus River Valley, Krishna River valley, Ganges/Brahmaputra River valley) -The Khyber pass links Pakistan and Afghanistan and is one of the only easy ways in or out of India Johdbai Padisha Akbar the Great -Reigned from 1556-1605 -Height of the Mughal Empire -Illiterate but tolerant of all faiths -Patron of the arts -Develops very efficient administration Atrap - the mechanism by which the Mughals established their empire Hindu Caste system Simplified, but with many shades and variations Brahmin-->Kshatriya-->Vaishya-->Sudra-->Untouchable
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSCI 3810 taught by Professor Erumsheikh during the Spring '08 term at North Texas.

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Worldhistory - Japan & China - Japan in the Edo era...

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