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Lecture13_UnitingOfEuropePart1

Lecture13_UnitingOfEuropePart1 - Lecture 13 The Uniting of...

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Lecture 13: The Uniting of Europe, part 1 Professor R. Daniel Kelemen Rutgers University Department of Political Science
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Outline What is the EU? What the EU has achieved and why Americans should care A brief History of the EU: Origins Resurgence Lessons
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What is the EU? An international organization like the UN or the International Monetary Fund? No. It has far more power over its member states than other international organizations. Its laws apply directly to individuals (in legal terms they have ‘direct effect’ and ‘supremacy’) Is it a Free Trade Area like NAFTA? Yes, but it is much more than that. NAFTA has no legislature/cannot make laws; EU can. Is it a ‘country’? No. It lacks important aspects of statehood and sovereignty.
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So, what is the EU then? The EU is evolving: it is not the same thing today it was 20 years ago. It is a federal system, but not a state Sovereignty is divided: EU member states have ‘pooled’ much of their sovereignty, but they retain other aspects of their sovereignty
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What is the EU? Platypus political system!
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Source: Chapter by Pollack and Donahue in Nicolaidis and Howse’ The Federal Vision , Oxford University Press. The direction of change is clear: Power is moving to the EU level.
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Major EU Achievements 1. Peace and Unity 2. Enlargement 3. Internal market 4. The Euro 5. Environmental Policy ..and many more
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