Chapter 4 (6) Study Guide

Chapter 4 (6) Study Guide - Heaton Mitchell T. Heaton Mrs....

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Heaton Mitchell T. Heaton Mrs. Brennan AP Biology 20 November 2009 Chapter 4 (6) Study Guide _________________________ What is defined as the increase in the apparent size of an object? ______________________ Light microscopes can only magnify objects about how many times? _________________________________ What is defined as “the ability of an optical instrument to show two close objects as separate”? ____________ ___________________________ In what year were cells discovered? By whom? ____________________________ What is the theory that states, “all living things are composed of cells and that all cells come from other cells”? _______________________ In general, electron microscopes can distinguish objects how small? _________________________________________ What type of microscope is used to study the detailed architecture of cell surfaces? _________________________________________ What type of microscope is used to study the details of internal cell structure? T or F Scanning electron microscopes and transmission electron microscopes are useful tools for observing living specimens. _______________________________ Why can’t electron microscopes study living specimens? ___________________________ Which type of microscope would you use to study the changes in shape of a living human white blood cell? ___________________________ Which type of microscope would you use to study the finest details of surface texture of a human hair? __________________________________ Which type of microscope would you use to study the detailed structure of an organelle in a human liver cell?
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Heaton _________________________________________ Why is it important that cells maintain a high surface area to volume ratio, thus explaining their microscopic size? _________________ __________________ What two forms of life consist of prokaryotic cells? _______________________________________ Living organisms (except bacteria and archaea) are composed of what type of cell? Name the basic features all cells have in common.
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2012 for the course GENERAL 101 taught by Professor None during the Spring '12 term at Aurora University.

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Chapter 4 (6) Study Guide - Heaton Mitchell T. Heaton Mrs....

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