Chapter 2 Study Guide (ANSWER KEY)

Chapter 2 Study Guide (ANSWER KEY) - Heaton Mitchell T....

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Heaton Mitchell T. Heaton Father Joel Rippinger, O.S.B. A.P. U.S. History 26 August 2010 Chapter 2 Study Guide (ANSWER KEY) _ Protestant Reformation _ What event of the mid-sixteenth century led England to be in turmoil? __ Ireland ______________ What Catholic nation sought independence from Protestant England? _ Sir Francis Drake __________ Who was the most famous of “sea dogs” who terrorized Spanish ships and settlements and promoted Protestantism? __ Newfoundland __ __ Sir Humphrey Gilbert ____________ Where did the English initially try to colonize? Who was its promoter? _ Sir Walter Raleigh _ _ Roanoke Island __________ Who was inspired by Gilbert’s colonization attempt? What settlement did he create? __ Phillip II of Spain _________________________ What Spanish king composed an “Invincible Armada” for the invasion of England? __ 130 ships _________ __ 1588 ___________ How many ships were in the “Invincible Armada”? In what year did the attack occur? ____ a strong storm—“the Protestant Wind” _____________ What helpful force aided the British in victory over the Spanish Armada? __ 1604 ____________________ In what year did the English and Spanish sign a treaty of peace? _ surplus population _______ What did the mobile population of England lead people to believe? __ primogeniture __________________________ What is defined as, “the legal principle that the oldest son inherits all family property or land”? _ joint-stock company _________________ What is defined as, “a short-term partnership between multiple investors to fund a commercial enterprise”? _ the Virginia Company of London _______ What company received a charter from King James I of England for settlement in the New World? _ three ships ______ How many ships did the Virginia Company send to settle in the New World?
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Heaton _ charter of the Virginia Company __ What important document secured colonists the same rights Englishmen had, but was later used as fuel for the colonies movement towards independence? _ Jamestown
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Chapter 2 Study Guide (ANSWER KEY) - Heaton Mitchell T....

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