Test #3 Study Guide from Joseph Romanos

Test #3 Study Guide from Joseph Romanos - Fifth lateral...

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Fifth lateral Council set by Pope Julius II and concluded by Pope Leo X: took care of Simony problems and called for Church renewal NEW RELIGIOUS ORDERS Capuchins : an offshoot of Franciscans Theatines: founded by Cajeton, vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience but also served among the poor. Ursuline : founded by St. Angela Merici : dedicated to teaching young girls and took no vows Society of Jesus: Jesuits: established by St. Ignatius of Loyola, emphasized teaching, preaching, and writing. Carmelite Order : founded by St. Therese of Avila . Oratories : founded by P hilip Neri Pationists: founded by Paul of the Cross Congregation of the Mission : Established by St Vincent de Paul Daughters of Charity: St Vincent established this with the help of St Louise de Marillac Brothers of the Christian School: “Christian Brothers” founded by St John Baptist de la Salle Order of Visitation: established by St. Jane de Chantal , with the help of St Francis de la Sales Motto: “Live Jesus” Oblates of Mary Immaculate The Marists The Salesians White Fathers
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SPAIN IN CATHOLIC REFORMATION: King and queen: Ferdinand and Isabelle Treaty of aTordesillas Spanish inquisition: Thomas de Torquemada : used torture to extract information protected by Pope Sixtus IV. Cardinal Jimenez de Cisneros: 1. Bishop of Toledo 2. personnel confessor of the queen Isabella 3. Founded University of Alcala: produced theological info in Council of Trent The Spanish inquisition formed many important people : St. Ignatius of Loyola and St. Therese of Avila. Pope Alexander VI wrote: “Bull of Inter Caetera” : gave the Spanish the territories in the New World. CATHOLIC REFORMATIONS THE JESUITS Society of Jesus: Jesuits: shock troops Approved by Pope Paul III Engaged in writing, teaching, and preaching. Founder: Ignatius of Loyola 1. was Basque: Pyrenees in Spain 2. leg wound ended his knight life 3. wrote: “ Spiritual Exercise” 4. Spent time in University of Paris . 5. Had companions like Blessed Peter Faber and St Francis Xavier . St. Francis Xavier: 1. Preached in India, Indonesia and Japan . St Peter Canisius: helped gain back many Germans, Hungarians and Bohemians to the Church Robert Bellarmine: a Doctor of the Church, defended Galileo, leader of the Holy Office. St Margaret Mary’s confessor: St. Claude de la Colombiere Matteo Ricci: i. born in Macerata, Italia ii. went to China as a missionary iii. Wrote a letter to Francisco Pasio Robert di Nobili: a missionary in India
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Reduccion: a special missionary enterprise for the Jesuits. 1773: Jesuits are persecuted because they were becoming numerous and powerful.
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Test #3 Study Guide from Joseph Romanos - Fifth lateral...

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