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Septuagint and Greek & Hebrew Canon--- Paper

Septuagint and Greek & Hebrew Canon--- Paper -...

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Heaton Mitchell T. Heaton Theology I Honors 8 th Period 1. The Septuagint, which means seventy in Latin, is the Greek translation of the Jewish scriptures. Traced back to Alexandria, Egypt, the Septuagint was translated around 300-200 B.C. The Hellenistic Jews who mainly read the Septuagint were in need of the edition to the Jewish scripture because, during the exile period, many were losing their Hebrew language. The Letter of Aristeas is an ancient document that states that 70 (also said to be 72) Jewish scholars were employed during the reign of Ptolemy Philadelphus to translate the Jewish scripture. The seventy scholars who translated the work provided it with a name: the Septuagint (Septuagint . <http://www.septuagint.net/>). The Septuagint contains 39 books of the Old Testament and, in addition to those books, the apocryphal books. The apocryphal books are those composed after the composition of Malachi and before the appearance of Christ. These books include
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Unformatted text preview: Judith, Tobit, Baruch, Sirach, the Wisdom of Solomon, First and Second Maccabees, the two Books of Esdras, additions to the Book of Esther, additions to the Book of Daniel, and the Prayer of Manasseh. The Septuagint is the Greek translation of the Jewish scriptures that has been used for ages and will, most likely, be used in the future (Septuagint . <http://www.septuagint.net/>) . 2. The books in the Greek “Canon” that are not included in the Hebrew Canon are Judith, Tobit, 1Esdra, 1Maccabees, 2Maccabees, 3Maccabees, 4Maccabees, Prayer of Manasseh Sirach, Wisdom, and Baruch. These books were not included within the Hebrew Canon because they were not seen as works inspired by God. The Hebrew Canon does not recognize any of these books because of the conclusion that none of the books were divinely inspired (Septuagint . <http://www.septuagint.net/>)....
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