ArtHistoryNotes 1st exam

ArtHistoryNotes 1st exam - Art History Notes Art is...

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Art History Notes Paleolithic period_________________________________________ Venus of Willendorf (Paleolithic) - more of a personal figurine - not on display - can be carried - Served as an image of fertility Woman Holding Bison Horn (Paleolithic) - limestone, 18” tall - earliest relief sculpture - likely to be faceless - carved into a rock near a rock shelter – more public - stationary - contains traces of red pigment Two Bison (Paleolithic) - Located in a cave site on natural rock - Builds form with clay instead of carving into rock - Each bison is about 2 feet – largest Paleolithic sculptures - Clay brought in to the location from a separate chamber in the cave - Lifelike form, gives a sense of motion Spotted horses & negative imprints (Paleolithic) - Wall painting – about 20 feet (mural/monumental) - Ground pigment used for hand imprints - Ritual, magical images (no proof or evidence) - Charcoal with colored pigments Hall of the Bulls (Paleolithic) - Contains paintings of bulls & other animals - Animals represented in outlines or silhouette (profile view) - Twisted perspective – composite view - Animals vary in size Rhinoceros, wounded man, and bison (Paleolithic) - Bison – 3 ft. 8 in. - One of the earliest representations of man in prehistoric art
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Neolithic period __________________________________ - Climate gets warmer; seas begin to rise - marked by domestication of animals & regulation of agriculture (about 8,000 B.C.) - Humans build fixed homes Great Stone Tower (Neolithic) Walls at tower of Jericho mark the history of architectural monuments Known for walls collapsing Catal Hoyuk – Neolithic town in Turkey - Obsidian stone – becomes a valuable rock – marketable & tradable - Planning went into the construction of the town – provides safety, smaller structures are easier to defend - Mud brick walls in between living spaces were plastered and painted - Culture buried their dead under the floors of their homes Landscape with volcanic eruption (Neolithic) - Essentially the first landscape Stonehenge (Neolithic) - Most recognizable - Took roughly 1,000 years to get to where it is - May not be completely finished - 97 feet in diameter of circle (originally completely enclosed) - Megalithic monument (huge stone) - Henge – arrangement of stones in a circle (cromlech) - External stones extend to about 24 feet (composed of 30 sarsen stones) - Internal stones extend to about 28 feet - Lintil – used between stones - Trilithon – 3-stone structures - Horseshoe stones are aligned with a separate standing stone (Heel stone) - Heel stone marks which point on the horizon the sun will rise during the summer solstice (longest daylight in the year) - Accurate solar calendar The Art of the Ancient Near East Anatolia = Turkey Mesopotamia – land between two rivers
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Sumer (Iraq) – one of the earliest Mesopotamian states to gain power - Use of plows and harnessing control of river flooding White Temple and ziggurat
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ArtHistoryNotes 1st exam - Art History Notes Art is...

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