PSYC 1101 - Chapter 9 part 1

PSYC 1101 - Chapter 9 part 1 - PSYC 1101 Sunni Newton...

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PSYC 1101 – Sunni Newton Monday, 10/24/11 Motivation: “factors that energize, direct, or sustain behavior” What is motivation? Factors that energize, direct, or sustain behavior. Four essential qualities: o Energizing Activate behavior o Directive Guide behavior toward a goal/need o Help people persist in behavior until goal/need is met o Vary in strength Need: “a state of biological or physical deficiency” o Maslow’s need hierarchy o Exceptions o Needs create: drives (“psychological state that motivates an organism to satisfy its needs”) You NEED food Drives increase proportionally to the extent of the deprivation feelings of arousal (generic term for psychological activation or increased autonomic response) o Habits Behaviors that satisfy a need are reinforced, may become habits
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Incentives o Positive reinforcement Homeostasis o Consistently monitors body functions to maintain optimal functionality
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  • Spring '08
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  • personal control, achievement motive, intrinsically motivated behaviors, monitors body functions, achievement motive yields

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PSYC 1101 - Chapter 9 part 1 - PSYC 1101 Sunni Newton...

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