PSYC 1101 Chapter 11 part 1

PSYC 1101 Chapter 11 part 1 - PSYC 1101 Sunni Newton Ch. 11...

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PSYC 1101 – Sunni Newton Ch. 11 – Human Development – Class 1 Article from the Atlantic Nature vs. Nurture o Development is driven by… Biological readiness (nature) + appropriate environmental stimuli (nurture) o Fixedness in development: evidence for the influence of nature o Variability in development: evidence for the influence of nurture Development in the womb o Zygote Sperm + egg 1 st week o Embryo 2 nd week to 2 nd month o Fetus 3 rd month to birth o Strict biological sequence of development Can be affected by environmental factors such as insufficient hormone production, extreme stress/anxiety of the mother, or teratogens (anything bad that affects the fetus as it develops) Early brain growth o Infant brain has far more synaptic connections than he/she will ever need Synaptic pruning during infancy- frequently used connections are retained, others are lost Once connections are established, myelination increases Malnourishment can impede these processes Critical/sensitive periods o Creating connections among neurons drives learning Some connections acquired most readily during certain time periods: critical/sensitive periods
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o Which is it: critical or sensitive?
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2012 for the course CHBE 2100 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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PSYC 1101 Chapter 11 part 1 - PSYC 1101 Sunni Newton Ch. 11...

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