PSYC 1101 Chapter 14 part 2

PSYC 1101 Chapter 14 part 2 - PSYC 1101 Sunni Newton...

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PSYC 1101 – Sunni Newton 11/30/11 & 12/2/11 Chapter 14: Disorders of the Mind and Body – Lectures 2 & 3 Anxiety Disorders o “Characterized by excessive anxiety in the absence of true danger” o Affect 1 in 4 people at some point in their lifetime o Symptoms Tension, anxiety, and apprehension Depression and irritability Sleep problems Impaired attention and concentration Sweating, dry mouth, shallow breathing, increased blood pressure Hypertension, headaches, intestinal problems o Phobic disorder Fear of a particular object or situation Fear is exaggerated and out of proportion to the actual danger Specific phobias E.g. fear of flying Social phobia (aka social anxiety disorder) Fear of being negatively evaluated by others o Generalized anxiety disorder Anxiety is diffuse and always present Constant anxiety and incessant worrying Person is always “on alert” for problems, as anything can be the source of anxiety Symptoms Distractibility Fatigue Irritability Sleep problems Headaches Restlessness Light-headedness
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Muscle pain o Panic disorder Characterized by sudden and overwhelming attacks of terror Symptoms Sweating, trembling Racing heart, shortness of breath Chest pains, dizziness, light-headedness Numbness/tingling in hands and feet Feeling that person is crazy or dying Increased risk of suicide o Agoraphobia Fear of situations in which escape is difficult or impossible Often causes panic attacks Sometimes causes people to fear leaving their homes o Obsessive-compulsive disorder Obsessions: recurrent, intrusive, and unwanted thoughts, ideas, or mental images Contamination, accidents, aggression Compulsions: acts the patient feels driven to perform over and over Cleaning, checking, and counting OCD involves anticipating catastrophe and loss of control o Causal factors Cognitive Tendency to perceive ambiguous/neutral situations as threatening Heightened attention to perceived threats Situational Observed fear responses in others Biological Inhibited temperamental style
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Mood disorders o Major depression Symptoms
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