Dussel - Marta Ciocca Vasino Dussel Final Paper Alejandro...

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Marta Ciocca Vasino Dussel Final Paper Alejandro Vallega Philosophy of Liberation and the Universal Needs In this paper I would like to analyze Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, and explain how this theory, according to philosophy of liberation, cannot be applied on every human being as Marlow was trying to prove. I will disprove this theory by following the ideas of the Latin American philosopher, Enrique Dussel, one of the most influential philosophers in the philosophy of liberation. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a theory stipulated by the psychologist Abraham Maslow in 1943 and it affirms that human beings have all the same basic needs. This theory is often represented in a pyramidal shape with the basic and most fundamental physiological needs situated at the bottom with self-actualization at the top. According to this theory, human being’s primary needs are: biological and physiological needs as, air, food, drink, shelter, sleep etc., and these are followed by the safety needs such as protection, security, order, law, and stability. Going up in the pyramid, we find the need of love and belongingness from family, friends, and partners. After that we find the self-esteem needs such as achievement, social status, and responsibility. Finally, at the top of the pyramid, we find the need of self-actualization as personal growth, fulfillment and helping others. I believe that everyone would agree with the first set of needs in Maslow’s theory, without the primary resources we would not be able to survive, but what about the rest of the hierarchy? Not everyone has the same needs, and not everyone puts those needs in the same order. Maslow’s theory is very restricted and it does not take into account any other
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populations besides the ones in the United States or Europe, the occidental populations in which Enrique Dussel calls “the Center”. Dussel’s philosophy of liberation is indeed based on this idea that every theory, every thought and every idea always refer to a very restricted circle of people that constitute the center and therefore the richest most developed parts of the world. In his analysis he identifies three components of the world: the center, the periphery and exteriority. Those countries that compose the center, United States and Europe, only have the intent to consume and create a capital that will exponentially increase their economy. The population in the center rarely has any awareness of the real situation in other
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2012 for the course PHIL 340 taught by Professor Unsure during the Spring '12 term at University of Oregon.

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Dussel - Marta Ciocca Vasino Dussel Final Paper Alejandro...

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