ARH 323 - The Pantheon (Rome), 118-125 AD. Hadrianic...

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The Pantheon (Rome) , 118-125 AD. Hadrianic structure, dedicated to M. Agrippa. Influential architectural design, reveals full potential of concrete, concrete cylinder covered by a huge hemispherical dome, oculus is only light source, weight was lessened through coffers, gives sense in how magnificent roman sculptures can be. Arch of Septimius Severus (Rome) , 203 AD. Commemorate Parthain victory. In Forum Romanum across from Augustus’ arch. Location connected the Severan dynasty with the founder of the Roman Empire. Reliefs depict Roman soldiers escorting Parthian prisoners. Tradition of imperially commissioned Triumphal arches, BUT the relief panels look like excerpts from the spiral frieze of the Column of Trajan and on the Column of Marcus Aurelius. Depict episodes from Parthian war. The style of the narrative format was arguably much better suited to panel reliefs than to spiral friezes because the entire narrative could be read from a single vantage point. Reliefs from the Arch of Septimius Severus (Lepcis Magna), 203 AD. Covered in reliefs. Concordia Augustorum Relief : has Caracalla and Severus shaking hands in front of Geta, showing the sharing of that honor of being co-consul. Has triad composition with a central frontal figure (key features of Late Antique style). Seen well in Chariot Procession Relief: reps homecoming of Severus family in 203. 3 people in chariot, others walk. Compare with earlier depictions of triumphal processions. No sense of forward motion, stillness. All 3 face the viewer, other stuff move but they don’t, second row figures have no connection with the ground and are elevated aboe the heads of those in the first row tso that they can be seen more clearly, frontal and floating figures were new to Roman art. (non-classical, late antique elements). The Porphyrin Portraits of the Tetrarchs (Venice) . 305 Ad, from Constantinople, Stocky bodies, cubical heads, no trade of the grace or contrapposto of the Early and High Empire. Very Late Antique: abstract, drapery is schematic, shapeless bodies, emotionless faces, differentiated only by the beard, Tetrachs were paired, wear simple stiff hat that Diocletian introduced, used to have a jewel in the hats as ornamental, has a sword in left hand and embrace eachother with right hand. Emperors lose sense of individuality in the tetrarchy. Development of the portrait 293: Diocletian divided Roman empire into two parts, Eastern and Western. Each part was ruled by a senior emperor and a junior emperor. “Tetrarchy” worked well as long as the founder of the tetrarchy helped.
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2012 for the course ARH 323 taught by Professor Unsure during the Spring '12 term at Oregon.

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ARH 323 - The Pantheon (Rome), 118-125 AD. Hadrianic...

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