The Shape and Meaning of Earth History

The Shape and Meaning of Earth History - The Shape and...

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The Shape and Meaning of Earth History- Rudwick Journal of Sociology -Galton Phrenology -McLaren Disease, Life, and Man-Virchow Otis 2002, 1999 Larson: 5-75, 79-101, 105-147, 153-157, 177-191 Darwin: 53-63, 65-81, 89-100, 114-172, 293-297, 435-460 Rabinbach: 1-7, 45-160 Identification: Materialism- belief that the only thing that exists is matter, all things are composed of material and all phenomena are the result of material interactions Spiritualism- belief system postulating a belief in God Creationism- religious belief that humanity, life and Earth and the universe are the creation of a supernatural being Catastrophism- extinction exists, slate is whipped clean after gigantic catastrophes, believe it starts over each time Malthusianism- only strong survive when competition occurs Darwinism- natural selection, survival of the fittest, transmutation of species, evolution Uniformitarianism- Theory that the Earth had been created and shape over time, not a quick sudden event Evolution- the change in the inherited traits of a population of organisms through successive generations Swamping- belief that shows that the idea that knowledge has no additional value over true belief Paradigm Shift- describes a change in the basic assumptions within the ruling theory of science Gemmules- imagined particles of inheritance proposed by Darwin, assumed to be shed by the organs of the body and carried in the bloodstream to the reproductive organs where they accumulated in the germ cells Anomalies- any occurance that is strange unusual, or unique Extinction-the end of an organism Competition- contest between two individuals for a resource Intercrossing- Sexual Selection- certain evolutionary traits can be explained by intraspecific compeition
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The Shape and Meaning of Earth History - The Shape and...

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