HIST Lecture #6 9-8

HIST Lecture #6 9-8 - Lecture#6 Alexander the Great and the...

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Lecture #6 9/8/11 Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Philosophy The Hellenistic world helps to conserve Greek culture and traditions, and once the Romans conquer the Hellenistic world, they embrace the Greek culture and preserve it. Philip on Macedon conquers Greece. He is assassinated in 336 by one his bodyguards. As a result, his son Alexander the Great takes the throne. He is considered “The Great Man” by Hegel, who created a theory about how history works, and also believed that there are figures who embodied the zeitgeist, or the spirit of the age. He believed that Alexander embodied the spirit of his time. Plutarch said that Alexander put the world under one universal law that incorporated reason. Alexander assumes his father’s plan to conquer the Persian Empire. Two years after becoming king, he leads an army and conquers the Persians. He creates huge empire under his rule, but pushes too far and succumbs to his own hubris. When he invades India, his troops revolt and they return home. By 30, he is an alcoholic and has many problems. By conquering such a large space and a fusion of Greek culture with Near Eastern culture, the Greek traditions survive, but also transform. As Greek ideas spread, Near Eastern ideas of spirituality come to the Western world. After Alexander dies, his empire is split up. Common features that all of the new
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HIST Lecture #6 9-8 - Lecture#6 Alexander the Great and the...

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