HIST Lecture #11 9-27

HIST Lecture #11 9-27 - The New Testament and the...

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The New Testament and the Historical Jews By the 2 nd and 3 rd centuries CE, Christianity is spreading and the Romans can’t control this spread. Constantine issues the Edict of Milan. Theodosius makes it the state religion. Roman elites and bishops see it as a chance to unify a fragmented empire. Many of the Catholic and Orthodox bishops were at one time Roman elite. Slave trading was occurring. Paul wanted a more hierarchical and organized church. They borrowed directly from the techniques and structure of Roman infrastructure. The Church not only becomes a force between man and God, but also a governing body in society. The highest bishop, the Pope. Orthodox is the “right way” to worship Orthodox becomes Catholicism, which means “universal” The Church Fathers St. Jerome – Translates texts to Latin; Bible St. Ambrose – St. Augustine – City of Man v. City of God o Writes City of Man in response to criticism following sacking of Rome o God’s divine plan is not being carried out through empires, but instead through the City of God. Church serves as intermediary. o
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HIST Lecture #11 9-27 - The New Testament and the...

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