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HIST Lecture #18 10-27 Outline

HIST Lecture #18 10-27 Outline - HIST 151 The Italian...

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HIST 151 10/27/11 The Italian Renaissance Florence at the Height of the Renaissance (Giorgio Vasari, 1511-1571) What was the Renaissance? Renaissance means re-birth. It was the re-birth of Greco-Roman culture. The term re-birth suggests that something died in the middle. That was the Middle Ages. It is a transition to the modern period in the late Medieval Period in the 14 th , 15 th , and early 16 th centuries. Medieval culture and values persist throughout the Renaissance, and it was a Medieval phenomenon. The Renaissance would not be possible without the Scholasticism that occurred before it, even though the Renaissance critiqued Scholasticism. What distinguished the Renaissance worldview from the medieval worldview? Does it mark the birth of modern Europe? Medieval scholars applied logic and reason to ideas, but unlike Renaissance thought, it was to support and justify the views of the Catholic Church. Renaissance scholars believed that Greek thinkers and Roman secular thinkers to understand the world that they lived in and their thought processes. The Renaissance also shares many ideas and values with what we associate with the modern period. There is a new emphasis and appreciation for rational and secular thought, the individual, humanity, and a new way of thinking about politics in society. What is Renaissance humanism? Who are some of the key humanists? This new appreciation for the value of texts from ancient scholars is known as
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HIST 151 10/27/11 Renaissance humanism. It is a new way of appreciating the texts, and also the individuals themselves. The Renaissance Humanists believed that a happy life could be lived in the city of man, and perhaps the Scholastics had paid too much attention to Aristotle. Renaissance Humanists believed that there were many more ancient scholars. They tried to get their hands on every single Latin and Greek text which they could. Key humanists are listed at the end. Key Terms 1) humanism 5) Francesco Petrarch 2) virtú 6) Giovanni Boccaccio & Decameron 3) Pico della Mirandola 7) Leonardi Bruni 4) The Medici 8) Baldassare Castiglione & The Book of the Courtier I. An Age of Transition (Early 1300s to Early 1500s) The Birth of the Modern World or a Part of Medieval Culture? Answered in the first two paragraphs.
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HIST Lecture #18 10-27 Outline - HIST 151 The Italian...

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