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HIST Lecture #18 10-27

HIST Lecture #18 10-27 - The Italian Renaissance...

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The Italian Renaissance Renaissance means re-birth. It was the re-birth of Greco-Roman culture. The term re- birth suggests that something died in the middle. That was the Middle Ages. It is a transition to the modern period in the late Medieval Period in the 14 th , 15 th , and early 16 th centuries. Medieval culture and values persist throughout the Renaissance, and it was a Medieval phenomenon. The Renaissance would not be possible without the Scholasticism that occurred before it, even though the Renaissance critiqued Scholasticism. The Renaissance also shares many ideas and values with what we associate with the modern period. There is a new emphasis and appreciation for rational and secular thought, the individual, humanity, and a new way of thinking about politics in society. Medieval scholars applied logic and reason to ideas, but unlike Renaissance thought, it was to support and justify the views of the Catholic Church. Renaissance scholars believed that Greek thinkers and Roman secular thinkers to understand the world that they lived in and their thought processes. This new appreciation for the value of texts from ancient scholars is known as Renaissance Humanism. It is a new way of appreciating the texts, and also the individuals themselves. The Renaissance Humanists believed that a happy life could be lived in the city of man, and perhaps the Scholastics had paid too much attention to Aristotle. Renaissance Humanists believed that there were many more ancient scholars. They tried to get their hands on every single Latin and Greek text which they could. Along with Renaissance Humanists were people much more devoted to secular thought (Secularism) and instead of using their reason to understand their faith, they used it to understand what made the human world go round. Paid attention to politics and civic culture. Participation in public affairs was seen as an ultimate good.
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