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HIST Lecture #21 11-8

HIST Lecture #21 11-8 - Martin Luther and the Protestant...

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Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation The Reformation occupies a central place in the movement from the Medieval Period to the Early Modern Period. Shatters the unity of the Catholic (universal) church. It was a source of progress, but brought with it a century and a half of warfare among Christians. Martin Luther is a heretic. Martin Luther succeeded for political reasons, and the support of secular authorities. Many people had been criticizing the church for its materialism and their involvement in worldly affairs in the 15 th century. Humanism exposed this hypocrisy at the end of the 15 th century. There is also an upsurge of popular piety, as people try to find new ways to express their faith. The church didn’t always offer answers so people turned to mysticism. People joined Glade Bredereth. The Northern Renaissance reflected this new concern of the Christian faith. People are looking for something new. There is a general demand and market for Luther’s message. The thing that seemed to represent the corruption of the church more than anything else were the sale of indulgences (tickets out of purgatory). According to Catholic doctrine, you could cleanse your soul by doing good works and escape purgatory earlier. In the Middle Ages, there was the belief that no matter how many good works you did, you would suffer in purgatory for a long time. The Pope has access to the Treasury of Merit. In here are the good works done by the saints and Jesus. There was an infinite supply of good works in this Treasury. The Pope had the key and could transfer these good works to a person with a writ of indulgence. Your donation to the church was also seen as a good work in itself. This practice begins in the late 11 th century during the Crusades. They were initially sold to Crusaders so they wouldn’t have to spend as long in purgatory. The church then started offering these indulgences to relatives of the deceased. By the end of the 16 th century, the church is using the sale of indulgences only for revenue. This was the
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