HIST Lecture #24 11-17

HIST Lecture #24 11-17 - The Scientific Revolution The...

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The Scientific Revolution The Scientific Revolution marks a break with the medieval period. In the medieval period, the scripture is where people found truth. They looked at human history as well and Aristotelian thought. Science had to fit within a theological framework and Christian worldview. This placed major constraints on scientific knowledge. The Scientific Revolution marks a fundamental shift in the way human beings understand human nature and truth. Now they use empirical evidence and testing hypotheses. The new science is more materialistic and this universe is composed of matter in motion. Emphasizes logic, rational thought, math and a set of laws that hold true for the entire universe. Moved to a worldview that was much more secular and had consequences on all aspects of social, economic and political life. We move from the Scientific Revolution to the new social sciences through the Enlightenment. For all of these reasons, the Scientific Revolution is seen as a movement of progress in the Western historical identity. The traditional narratives of the Scientific Revolution have heroic aspects to them. Some historians believe this narrative glorifies science too much; science can do bad things as well. Why does it take root in the west? There are historical traditions that prepare the groundwork for this revolution. There is the Judeo-Christian belief that there is a God who created the universe and left it to people to operate. There is the tradition of Greek sciences that were given new life in the late medieval period. Also in the 16 th century, there is a period of doubt and questioning with the Reformation. There was a lot of new wealth in early modern Europe, there was the want for new things and money to pay scientists. There were nobles willing to patronize scientists, and monarchs liked to have scientists at their court. They passed out stipends to scientists and created scientific
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