CLAS 131 Notes 2

CLAS 131 Notes 2 - CLAS 131 Historical Background Major...

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CLAS 131 8/30/10 Day 3 Historical Background Major Historical Periods of Greek and Roman Antiquity Bronze Age: c. 1800- c. 1100 BCE Early Iron Age: c. 1100- 800 BCE Archaic Period: c. 800- 500 BCE Classical Period: c. 500- c. 300 BCE Hellenistic Period/Roman Republic: c. 300-31 BCE Roman Imperial Period: 31 BCE- c. 300 CE BCE- Before the Common Era CE: Common Era (‘A.D.’): c. = circa Bronze Age c. 1800- 1100 BCE Reason for name? Bronze was the most important metal (esp. for weapons) Highly developed civilizations in Near East (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Anatolia) Mycenaean civilization in Greece - Mycenae and other sites - Palace cultures - Script: Linear B; used for inventories Early Iron Age c. 1100- 800 BCE Reason for name? Iron replaced bronze as main metals for tools an weapons ‘Dark Age’ Major upheavals throughout Near East, c. 1200- 1100 End of Mycenaean civilization: collapse of palace cultures, disappearance of Linear B Origins of many Greek myths? Archaic Period c. 800- 500 BCE Origins of ancient Greek culture Rise of polis (city-state): e.g., Athens, Thebes, Sparta
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