CLAS 131 Notes 12

CLAS 131 Notes 12 - CLAS 131 Notes 12 Homer's Odyssey...

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CLAS 131 Notes 12 Homer’s Odyssey Homeric Epics Iliad : one interconnected set of episodes from 10 th year of Trojan War (virtually all of the action take place in a period of about a week) Odyssey : Odysseus’ voyage home from Troy and reestablishment in his household Who was Homer? Many stories told in ancient Greece - A blind poet Many of them contradictory - Multiple cities claimed to be his birthplace - Dispute about the priority of Homer and Hesiod (Homer usually regarded as earlier) - Argument whether Iliad and Odyssey were works of the same poet As with Hesiod, his early date meant that nothing definite was known in later periods Unlike Hesiod, he says nothing about himself in his poetry (although he may include descriptions of characters similar to himself) Modern scholarship - Iliad : c. 750 BCE? Or 725-675 BCE? - Odyssey : c. 725 BCE? Or later? - Very beginning of Archaic period Argument whether Iliad and Odyssey are works of one author, or two, or no ‘author’ at all (!) Meter Patterns of syllables - English: stressed and unstressed - Greek (and Latin): long and short Homer: dactylic hexameter - Dactyl: unit or ‘foot’ (long-short-short or long-long) - Hexameter: number of feet in line (six) Homer, Odyssey 1.1-5 Repetitions: Book 2, line 1: - When young Dawn with her rose-red fingers shone once more
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CLAS 131 Notes 12 - CLAS 131 Notes 12 Homer's Odyssey...

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